Extensive research has evidenced that neural pathway in a human brain is formed at the developmental stage in the mother’s womb. These neural pathways or schemata are very plastic and present excellent learning and practice efficiency as evident from several neural imaging data. Science also acknowledges that the neural landscape is in a constant state of change relative to learning and experience. This is likely the most fundamental concept that needs to be addressed within the addicted populations. Numerous experiential components may, in fact, impact an increase in an individual's likelihood to develop substance use and abuse problems. These components are inclusive of abuse, neglect, and familial patterns of substance use and abuse. If we examine other treatment models, a great deal of time is spent asking the clients to process emotions associated with the experience. 

It is our premise at SPESA, after 20 years of cumulative research, that these neural pathways and the electroencephalographic activity therein must be addressed in order to gain novel learning to improve self-regulation. It is also paramount that the attributes of responsibility, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-image be developed in a manner analogous to cultivating an awareness within the individual to gain an understanding of maladaptive neural patterns associated with perceptions to impact a long-term change. The ultimate goal of any program ought to be to aid the individual in restoring his or her dignity and freedom and facilitating an opportunity to become a responsible member of society with an equivalent quality of life and self-value. It is essential for anyone struggling with addiction to understand the impact of drugs on the self and also the patterning of networks associated with self-destructive inner dialogue and negative self-perception.